Monday, January 29, 2007

Word Of The Day

By Princessa

hale: free from disease and weakening conditions; healthy.

Demeter And Persephone

By Princessa

Title: Demeter And Persephone

Main Characters:
1. Demeter. (Godess of Plants.)
2. Persephone. (Demeter's daughter.)
3. Hades. (God of the Underworld.)
4. Zeus. (God of all Gods and Godesses.)

Problem Or Conflict:
1. Persephone was captured by Hades and taken to the Underworld to be Hade's Queen.

2. Animals were dying because of the dead crops.

3. Demeter will not return the plants unless her daughter returns to her.

Action Sequence:

1. Persephone gets captured by Hades.

2. Demeter was so sad that all the crops, became dead.

3. Zeus commanded Hermes to get Persephone out of the Underworld, but he had to ask Persephone if she ate anything while in the Underworld.

4. Hermes found out that she ate a few seeds from a pomegranate.

5. Persephone was commanded by Zeus to, for every year, Persephone must be with Hades for one month. Then on the other months she can be with her mother.

Zeus decided that for every seed she ate, for every year, must spend one month with Hades, but the other months with her mother.

Friday, January 26, 2007

Word Of The Day

By Princessa

stolid: unexcitable; unemotional.

Thursday, January 25, 2007

Underwater Animals

By Princessa

This is a quiz I did about Underwater Animals. The correct answers will be colored.

1 A student is studying a creature with bones that lives in the water. She concludes that the creature is _____.

a vertebrate
an invertebrate

2 Fish are classified into two main groups based on whether or not they have _____.


3 What is the function of the swim bladder?

It helps the fish to breathe.
It helps the fish maintain buoyancy.
It helps the fish change cartilage into bone.
It pulls oxygen into the body when the fish is at rest.

4 When goatfish use barbels to help them locate food, they are using their sense of _____.


5 Which sense do sharks depend on the most when hunting?


6 What is the function of the ampulae of lorenzini in a shark?

They help the shark to remain buoyant.
They help the shark smell blood from an injured fish.
They help the shark to remain balanced when it is swimming fast.
They help the shark detect small electrical charges produced by living things.

Word Of The Day

By Princessa

wassail: an expression of good wishes on a festive occasion, especially in drinking to some one.

Wednesday, January 24, 2007

Word Of The Day

By Princessa

confluence: a flowing or coming together.

Conquest of the Americas

By Princessa

This is a quiz I did about the Conquest of the Americas. The correct answers will be colored.

1 Montezuma did not immediately attack Cortés when he arrived because _____.

Cortés gave Montezuma valuable gifts
Montezuma thought that Cortés was a god
the Aztecs were basically a peaceful people
Cortés offered to help Montezuma conquer neighboring peoples

2 The Aztecs believed that if they did not make blood offerings to the sun god, _____.

the sun would not rise
crops would not grow
the seasons would not change
they would not be victorious in battle

3 Cortés' main reason for coming to Central America was to search for gold.


4 Cortés built his new capital, _____, on the site of Tenochtitlan.

New Madrid
Panama City
Mexico City

5 Cortés responded to his men's rebellion by _____.

burning all his own ships
sentencing them all to death
sending the men back to Cuba
selling the men to the Aztecs as slaves

6 Cortés was helped in his conquest of Tenochtitlan by _____.

the Mayans
Spanish troops
Spanish priests
the Tlaxcallans

7 Cortés and his troops greatly weakened the Aztecs by _____.

burning their crops
taking away all their gold
exposing them to smallpox
cutting off their trade routes

8 How did Pizarro defeat 8,000 Inca warriors with only 168 men in 1538?

The Inca emperor ordered the Inca warriors not to attack.
Pizarro laid siege to their city and starved them out.
The Inca were unarmed and Pizarro ambushed them.
Pizarro threatened to kill the Inca emperor if the Inca fought back.

Tuesday, January 23, 2007

Dog Owners Lead Healthier Lives

By Princessa

Dogs can provide companionship
If you want to live a healthier life get a dog, research suggests.
The companionship offered by many pets is thought to be good for you, but the benefits of owning a dog outstrip those of cat owners, the study says.

A psychologist from Queen's University, Belfast, said dog owners tended to have lower blood pressure and cholesterol.

Writing in the British Journal of Health Psychology, she says that regular 'walkies' may partly explain the difference.

Dr Deborah Wells reviewed dozens of earlier research papers which looked at the health benefits of pet ownership.

In some cases, the social support offered by an animal is greater than the support than another human could offer

Dr June McNicholas
Health psychologist

She confirmed that pet owners tended in general to be healthier than the average member of the population.

However, her research suggested that dog ownership produced more positive influence than cat ownership.

As well as lower blood pressure and cholesterol, she said dog-owners suffered fewer minor ailments and serious medical problems.

There was also the suggestion that dogs could aid recovery from serious illnesses such as heart attacks, and act as 'early warning' to detect an approaching epileptic seizure.


Dr Wells said the precise reason for the benefits was not totally clear.

"It is possible that dogs can directly promote our well-being by buffering us from stress, one of the major risk factors associated with ill-health.

"The ownership of a dog can also lead to increases in physical activity and facilitate the development of social contacts, which may enhance both physiological and psychological human health in a more indirect manner."

Dr June McNicholas, a health psychologist who has specialised on research into the health effects of pet ownership said that an important reason for the improved health of dog-owners was not just the exercise received while taking it for walks, but the opportunity for social contact with other dog-owners.

She said: "For older people, an animal can fulfil the 'need to be needed', perhaps after children have left home.

"In some cases, the social support offered by an animal is greater than the support than another human could offer."

Word Of The Day

By Princessa

lissom: supple; nimble.

Monday, January 22, 2007

Word Of The Day

By Princessa

hinterland: backcountry.

Friday, January 19, 2007


What are stars?

Stars are hot bodies of glowing gas called Nebulae. They vary in size, mass and temperature, diameters ranging from 450x smaller to over 1,000x larger than that of the Sun. Masses range from a 20th to over 50 solar masses and surfaces temperature can range from 3,000 degrees Celcius to over 50,000 degrees Celcius.

What are they made of?

Stars are big exploding balls of gas, mostly hydrogen and helium. Our nearest Star, the Sun, is so hot that the huge amount of hydrogen is undergoing a constant Star-Wide nuclear reaction, like in a hhydrogen bomb. Even though it is constantly exploding in a nuclear reaction, the Sun and other Stars are so large and have so much matter in them that it will take billions of years for the explosion to use all the "fuel" in the star. The huge reactions taking place in stars are constantly releasing energy (called electromagnetic radiation) into the universe, which is why we can see them and find them on radio telescopes such as the ones in the DSN (Deep Space Network). Stars, including the Sun, also send out a solar wind and burst out occasional solar flares.

How is a red star different from a blue star?

The colour of a star is determined by its temperature, the hottest Stars are Blue and the coolest Stars are Red. The Sun has a surface temperarure of 5,500 degrees Celcius.

What is the first stage in the life cycle of a star?

Brown Dwarfs.

How does a large star die?

Blue Giant Stars die in a spectacular way. They grow larger just like the Sun sized Stars, but then instead of shrinking and forming a Planetary Nebula they explode in what is called a Super Nova. Super Nova explosions can be brighter than an entire Galaxy, and can be seen from very far away.

Dead Super Giant Stars and Blue Giant Stars often turn into Black Holes. A Black Hole is a very compact object. How does this happen? As the Star dies it explodes in a huge explosion called a Super Nova. The Super Nova blasts away most of the Star. Anything left begins to fall in to the middle of the Star. It gets more and more compact, and smaller and smaller. If there is enough of the Star left after the explosion, the Star will be heavy enough to squash it down to the size of an Atom, or even smaller.

Word Of The Day

By Princessa

skulk: to hide in a sneaking manner.

Thursday, January 18, 2007

Word Of The Day

By Princessa

coxcomb: A vain, showy fellow.

Wednesday, January 17, 2007

Word Of The Day

By Princessa

Imprecation: A curse.

Monday, January 15, 2007

Word Of The Day

By Princessa

Sunder: To break apart.

Deaths rise as US storm spreads

Ice storms occur when rain falls in temperatures so low it freezes

About 30 people have now been killed in ice storms that have struck the US, mainly in central states.

A state of emergency has been declared and the National Guard called out in Missouri after the storms knocked out power to 200,000 homes.

President George W Bush has released federal aid for some affected states.

Weather forecasters say the storm system will head north-east, threatening to bring more than a foot (30cm) of snow to New England.

Ice storms occur when rain falls during very low temperatures, causing it to freeze almost instantly as it hits a surface, resulting in ice layers sometimes several inches thick.

The extreme weather downed trees, traffic lights and power lines and blocked roads in Missouri and Oklahoma, where most of the deaths occurred.

Other fatalities were in Iowa, Texas, New York and Maine.

President Bush declared an emergency in Oklahoma.

There, about 350 national guardsmen went door-to-door to check on residents in the hardest-hit areas, and helped to clear icy roads of branches and power lines.

In Texas, 415 flights were cancelled on Sunday at Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport.

Record-breaking cold weather even hit California, which usually has mild temperatures year-round.

Citrus fruit growers in parts of the state are using wind machines to protect their fruit from frost damage.

The National Weather Service said it was "a very, very big cold front".

It said the storm is gathering moisture from the Gulf of Mexico and cold air from the Arctic, and is expected to hit the east coast on tuesday.

Friday, January 12, 2007

Martin Luther King Jr.

By Princessa
The correct answers will be bold, italic, and colored in.

1 When Martin Luther King, Jr., was a boy, African-Americans were treated the same as white people.


2 When King was in high school, he discovered he had a gift for _______.


3 In college, King decided he would become a ______.


4 Rosa Parks was arrested for __________________________.

demonstrating for equal voting rights
drinking from a whites-only water fountain
talking to a white person without permission
not giving up her seat on a bus to a white person

5 King worked for fair housing laws, which allowed all people, regardless of their color, to __________________.

live in a nice home
build homes on government land
buy or rent homes wherever they wanted
get the best price when selling their homes

6 In 1963, King delivered his famous _________ speech in Washington, D.C.

"I Have a Dream"
"I Believe in Equality"
"I See the Light"
"I Am an American"

7 In 1964, King was awarded ______________.

the Pulitzer Prize
a doctorate degree
the Nobel Peace Prize
the Congressional Medal of Freedom

Roman Numerals

By Princessa

These are the Roman Numerals I learned..

I = 1
II = 2
III = 3
IV = 4
V = 5
VI = 6
VII = 7
VIII = 8
IX = 9
X = 10
XI = 11
XII = 12
XIII = 13
XIV = 14
XV = 15
XVI = 16
XVII = 17
XVIII = 18
XIX = 19
XX = 20
XXX = 30
XL = 40
L = 50
LX = 60
LXX = 70
LXXX = 80
XC = 90
C = 100
CC = 200
CCC = 300
CD = 400
D = 500
DC = 600
DCC = 700
DCCC = 800
CM = 900
M = 1000

Word Of The Day

By Princessa

Swan Song: A final farewell appearance, action, or pronouncement.

US 'celebrity' whale shark dies

Ralph the whale shark, an attraction at Georgia Aquarium in the US, has died.
Ralph, one of four whale sharks in the Atlanta aquarium, had not been eating well and had been showing unusual swimming patterns.

The 22 foot long fish was only "a teenager", and the cause of his death was not immediately known.

Ralph arrived at the aquarium in 2005 from Taiwan, where he had faced becoming seafood.

The aquarium, said to be the world's largest, houses more than 100,000 specimens. Whale sharks are the world's largest fish, growing up to 50ft long.