Monday, April 21, 2008

Today In History; Queen Elizabeth II of England

Born on this day in 1926 in Mayfair, London, Queen Elizabeth was named Elizabeth Alexandra Mary, after two of her grandmothers, Queen Alexandra and Queen Mary. As the eldest daughter of George VI, Elizabeth was next in line to succeed to the throne. Throughout her youth, as a memeber of the royal family, she was immersed in the presumptive duties of a queen. Shortly after her 18th birthday in 1944, Princess Elizabeth was appointed a Counsellor of State during the King's absence on a tour of the Italian battlefields and, for the first time, carried out some of the duties of Head of State. In 1947, Elizabeth married Philip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh, in Westminster Abbey.

In 1952, after the death of her father, Elizabeth was coronated Queen Elizabeth II. Her coronation was the first to be televised and further expanded media coverage throughout the years served to increase her popularity and bring the monarchy closer to the British people. She and her husband have four children: Prince Charles (heir to the throne), Prince Andrew, Princess Anne, and Prince Edward.

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